Magnetic resonance at the quantum limit and beyond

Seminar
Speaker
Patrice Bertet, Quantronics Group, SPEC, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay
Date
25/05/2016 - 15:00Add to Calendar 2016-05-25 15:00:00 2016-05-25 15:00:00 Magnetic resonance at the quantum limit and beyond The detection and characterization of paramagnetic species by electron-spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy has numerous applications in chemistry, biology, and materials science [1]. Most ESR spectrometers rely on the inductive detection of the small microwave signals emitted by the spins during their Larmor precession into a microwave resonator in which they are embedded. Using the tools offered by circuit Quantum Electrodynamics (QED), namely high quality factor superconducting micro-resonators and Josephson parametric amplifiers that operate at the quantum limit when cooled at 20mK [2], we report an increase of the sensitivity of inductively detected ESR by 4 orders of magnitude over the state-of-the-art, enabling the detection of 1700 Bismuth donor spins in silicon with a signal-to-noise ratio of 1 in a single echo [3]. We also demonstrate that the energy relaxation time of the spins is limited by spontaneous emission of microwave photons into the measurement line via the resonator [4], which opens the way to on-demand spin initialization via the Purcell effect. Finally we report recent results demonstrating that squeezed microwave signals can be used to enhance ESR sensitivity even further [5] [1] A. Schweiger and G. Jeschke, Principles of Pulse Electron Magnetic Resonance (Oxford University Press, 2001) [2] X. Zhou et al., Physical Review B 89, 214517 (2014). [3] A. Bienfait et al., Nature Nanotechnology 11, 253 (2016) [4] A. Bienfait et al., Nature 531, 74 (2016) [5] A. Bienfait et al., in preparation (2016) seminar room on the 9th floor of the Nano-center המחלקה לפיזיקה physics.dept@mail.biu.ac.il Asia/Jerusalem public
Place
seminar room on the 9th floor of the Nano-center
Abstract

The detection and characterization of paramagnetic species by electron-spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy has numerous applications in chemistry, biology, and materials science [1]. Most ESR spectrometers rely on the inductive detection of the small microwave signals emitted by the spins during their Larmor precession into a microwave resonator in which they are embedded. Using the tools offered by circuit Quantum Electrodynamics (QED), namely high quality factor superconducting micro-resonators and Josephson parametric amplifiers that operate at the quantum limit when cooled at 20mK [2], we report an increase of the sensitivity of inductively detected ESR by 4 orders of magnitude over the state-of-the-art, enabling the detection of 1700 Bismuth donor spins in silicon with a signal-to-noise ratio of 1 in a single echo [3]. We also demonstrate that the energy relaxation time of the spins is limited by spontaneous emission of microwave photons into the measurement line via the resonator [4], which opens the way to on-demand spin initialization via the Purcell effect. Finally we report recent results demonstrating that squeezed microwave signals can be used to enhance ESR sensitivity even further [5]

[1] A. Schweiger and G. Jeschke, Principles of Pulse Electron Magnetic Resonance (Oxford University Press, 2001)

[2] X. Zhou et al., Physical Review B 89, 214517 (2014).

[3] A. Bienfait et al., Nature Nanotechnology 11, 253 (2016)
[4] A. Bienfait et al., Nature 531, 74 (2016)
[5] A. Bienfait et al., in preparation (2016)

תאריך עדכון אחרון : 25/04/2016