Probing Odd-Triplet Contributions to the Proximity Effect by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy

Speaker
Elke Scheer (Konstantz University)
Date
08/06/2016 - 17:00 - 16:00Add to Calendar 2016-06-08 16:00:00 2016-06-08 17:00:00 Probing Odd-Triplet Contributions to the Proximity Effect by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy Probing Odd-Triplet Contributions to the Proximity Effect by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy S. Diesch1, M. Wolz1, P. Machon1, C. Sürgers2, W. Belzig1, A. Di Bernardo3, Y. Gu3, J. Linder4, M. G. Blamire3, J. W. A. Robinson3, E. Scheer1 1Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany 2Physical Institute, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76049 Karlsruhe, Germany 3Department of Material Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, 27 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS, United Kingdom 4Physics Institute, Norwegian Technical University, 7491 Trondheim, Norway Abstract. In this talk we will address the superconducting proximity effect between a superconductor (S) and a normal metal (N) linked by a spin-active interface. With the help of a low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope [1,2] we study the local density of states of trilayer systems. The first example consists of aluminum (S), the ferromagnetic insulator (FI) EuS, and the noble metal silver (N) for varying thickness of the FI. In several recent studies it has been shown that EuS acts as ferromagnetic insulator with well-defined magnetic properties down to very low thicknesses [3]. For very thin FI with d­FI = 2 nm we find a strong enhancement of the induced minigap at the normal side. For intermediate thickness we observe pronounced subgap structures that vary from contact to contact. For dFI = 10 nm the spectra are in agreement with the diffusive theory for S/N structures (without FI) as confirmed in earlier studies [2]. We discuss our findings in the light of recent theories of odd-triplet contributions created by the spin-active interface [4,5,6]. The second example uses the ferromagnetic metal (FM) Ho between niobium (S) and gold (N) [7]. These measurements reveal pronounced changes to the Nb sub-gap superconducting density of states on driving the Ho through a metamagnetic transition from a helical antiferromagnetic to a homogeneous ferromagnetic state for which a conventional BCS gap is recovered. The results directly verify odd frequency spin-triplet superconductivity at superconductor / inhomogeneous magnet interfaces [8]. References [1]     C. Debuschewitz, F. Münstermann, V. Kunej, E. ScheerA compact and versatile scanning tunnelling microscope with high energy resolution for use in a 3He Cryostat, J. Low Temp. Phys. 147, 525 (2007) [2]     M. Wolz, C. Debuschewitz, W. Belzig, E. ScheerEvidence for attractive pair interaction in diffusive gold films deduced from studies of the superconducting proximity effect with aluminium, submitted [3]     J. Linder, A. Sudbø, T. Yokoyama, R. Grein, M. Eschrig, Phys. Rev. B 81, 214505 (2010) [4]     B. Li, N. Roschewsky, B. A. Assaf, M. Eich, M. Epstein-Martin, D. Heiman, M. Münzenberg, and J. S. Moodera, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 09700 (2013) [5]     A. Cottet, W. Belzig, Phys. Rev. B 72, 180503R (2005); [6]     P. Machon, W. Belzig, in preparation [7]     W. A. Robinson, J. D. S. Witt,  M. G. Blamire, Science 329, 59 (2010). [8]     A. Di Bernardo, S. Diesch, Y. Gu, J. Linder, M.G. Blamire, E. Scheer, J. W. A. Robinson, Nature Comm. 6, 8053 (2015) Resnick Building (209), room 210 המחלקה לפיזיקה physics.dept@mail.biu.ac.il Asia/Jerusalem public
Place
Resnick Building (209), room 210
Abstract

Probing Odd-Triplet Contributions to the Proximity Effect by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy

S. Diesch1, M. Wolz1, P. Machon1, C. Sürgers2, W. Belzig1, A. Di Bernardo3, Y. Gu3, J. Linder4, M. G. Blamire3, J. W. A. Robinson3, E. Scheer1

1Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany

2Physical Institute, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76049 Karlsruhe, Germany

3Department of Material Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, 27 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS, United Kingdom

4Physics Institute, Norwegian Technical University, 7491 Trondheim, Norway

Abstract. In this talk we will address the superconducting proximity effect between a superconductor (S) and a normal metal (N) linked by a spin-active interface. With the help of a low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope [1,2] we study the local density of states of trilayer systems. The first example consists of aluminum (S), the ferromagnetic insulator (FI) EuS, and the noble metal silver (N) for varying thickness of the FI. In several recent studies it has been shown that EuS acts as ferromagnetic insulator with well-defined magnetic properties down to very low thicknesses [3]. For very thin FI with d­FI = 2 nm we find a strong enhancement of the induced minigap at the normal side. For intermediate thickness we observe pronounced subgap structures that vary from contact to contact. For dFI = 10 nm the spectra are in agreement with the diffusive theory for S/N structures (without FI) as confirmed in earlier studies [2]. We discuss our findings in the light of recent theories of odd-triplet contributions created by the spin-active interface [4,5,6].

The second example uses the ferromagnetic metal (FM) Ho between niobium (S) and gold (N) [7]. These measurements reveal pronounced changes to the Nb sub-gap superconducting density of states on driving the Ho through a metamagnetic transition from a helical antiferromagnetic to a homogeneous ferromagnetic state for which a conventional BCS gap is recovered. The results directly verify odd frequency spin-triplet superconductivity at superconductor / inhomogeneous magnet interfaces [8].

References

[1]     C. Debuschewitz, F. Münstermann, V. Kunej, E. Scheer
A compact and versatile scanning tunnelling microscope with high energy resolution for use in a 3He Cryostat, J. Low Temp. Phys. 147, 525 (2007)

[2]     M. Wolz, C. Debuschewitz, W. Belzig, E. Scheer
Evidence for attractive pair interaction in diffusive gold films deduced from studies of the superconducting proximity effect with aluminium, submitted

[3]     J. Linder, A. Sudbø, T. Yokoyama, R. Grein, M. Eschrig, Phys. Rev. B 81, 214505 (2010)

[4]     B. Li, N. Roschewsky, B. A. Assaf, M. Eich, M. Epstein-Martin, D. Heiman, M. Münzenberg, and J. S. Moodera, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 09700 (2013)

[5]     A. Cottet, W. Belzig, Phys. Rev. B 72, 180503R (2005);

[6]     P. Machon, W. Belzig, in preparation

[7]     W. A. Robinson, J. D. S. Witt,  M. G. Blamire, Science 329, 59 (2010).

[8]     A. Di Bernardo, S. Diesch, Y. Gu, J. Linder, M.G. Blamire, E. Scheer, J. W. A. Robinson, Nature Comm. 6, 8053 (2015)

תאריך עדכון אחרון : 06/06/2016