Stochastic Oscillator With Random mass : New Type of Brownian Motion

Seminar
Speaker
Prof. Moshe Gitterman, Dept. of Physics, BIU
Date
13/05/2013 - 13:30Add to Calendar 2013-05-13 13:30:00 2013-05-13 13:30:00 Stochastic Oscillator With Random mass : New Type of Brownian Motion The model of stochastic oscillator subject to additive random force, which includes the Brownian motion, is widely used for analysis of different phenomena in physics, chemistry, biology, economics and social science. As a rule, by the appropriate choice of units one assumed that the particle's mass is equal to unity. However, for the case of an additional multiplicative random force, the situation is more complicate. As we show, for the cases of random frequency or random damping, the mass cannot be excluded from the equations of motion, and, for example, besides the restriction of the size of Brownian particle, some restrictions exist also of its mass. In addition to these two types of multiplicative forces, we consider the random mass, which describes, among others, the Brownian motion with adhesion. The fluctuations of mass are modelled as a dichotomous noise, and the first  two moments of coordinates show non-monotonic dependence on the parameters of oscillator and noise, In the presence of an additional periodic force an oscillator with random mass is characterized by the stochastic resonance phenomenon, when the appearance of noise increases the input signal. Room 301, Physics Bld. 202 המחלקה לפיזיקה physics.dept@mail.biu.ac.il Asia/Jerusalem public
Place
Room 301, Physics Bld. 202
Abstract

The model of stochastic oscillator subject to additive random force, which includes the Brownian motion, is widely used for analysis of different phenomena in physics, chemistry, biology, economics and social science. As a rule, by the appropriate choice of units one assumed that the particle's mass is equal to unity. However, for the case of an additional multiplicative random force, the situation is more complicate. As we show, for the cases of random frequency or random damping, the mass cannot be excluded from the equations of motion, and, for example, besides the restriction of the size of Brownian particle, some restrictions exist also of its mass. In addition to these two types of multiplicative forces, we consider the random mass, which describes, among others, the Brownian motion with adhesion. The fluctuations of mass are modelled as a dichotomous noise, and the first  two moments of coordinates show non-monotonic dependence on the parameters of oscillator and noise, In the presence of an additional periodic force an oscillator with random mass is characterized by the stochastic resonance phenomenon, when the appearance of noise increases the input signal.

תאריך עדכון אחרון : 07/04/2013