פרופ' משה גיטרמן - מעברי פאזה 86-829
א. מטרות הקורס:
The theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena is the most important chapter of modern many-body physics. Such vastly different phenomena as the melting of ice, magnetisation of ferromagnets and superconductivity are united in a universal theory sensitive only to the symmetry of the problem and its spatial dimensionality.
ב. תוכן הקורס:
After a general statistical mechanics introduction, the course begins from the five pillars of the modern theory (the Ising model, mean field theory, scaling, renormalization group and universality) Afterwords, a more extensive analysis will be performed of those problems which are of major interest in modern physics, such as Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity of alkali atoms, vortices in perconductors and high - temperature superconductivity. Finally, more recent applications of phase transition theory (spin glasses, small-world phenomena, self-organized criticality ) and current trends will be discussed.
ג. חובות הקורס:
Each student has to give a lecture, which will be the basis of the final mark.
ספרי הלימוד (textbooks) וספרי עזר נוספים: לחץ כאן