Nanoscale magnetic and thermal imaging in quantum systems
NanoSQUIDs residing on the apex of a quartz tip (SOT), suitable for scanning probe microscopy with record size, spin sensitivity, and thermal sensitivity are presented[1,2] . We have developed SOT with an effective diameter smaller than 50 nm, spin sensitivity better than a single electron spin and thermal sensitivity better than 1 μK/Hz1/2 . This technique is used to study nanoscale magnetism present in systems such as atomically sharp LaMnO3/SrTiO3 (LMO/STO) heterostructures and to study dissipation mechanism in quantum system such as hBN-encapsulated graphene[2,4] . Magnetic imaging of LMO/STO revealed a superparamagnetic behavior resulting from an electronic phase separation leading to nucleation of metallic ferromagnetic islands in an insulating antiferromagnetic matrix. Thermal imaging of hBN-encapsulated graphene reveals a fascinating atomic-scale dissipation mechanism providing visualization and control of phonon emission from inelastic electron scattering off individual atomic defects , opening the door to direct imaging and spectroscopy of dissipation processes in quantum systems.
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